Volume 4, Issue 1, 2020

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Editorial

Panagiotis Tzionas, International Hellenic University, Greece
Published online: 30 May 2020, JCETR, 4(1), pp. 1-2.

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3773894

Abstract: This is the sixth publication of JCETR (volume 4, issue 1), starting its fourth year of publication. In previous issues, this journal presented original refereed papers, both conceptual and research-based, focused both on educational management and on education practice & research. Volume 4, issue 1 focus on furthering the journal’s scope and consolidating its position in both conceptual developments and practical applications in contemporary education theory and practice through the publication of another six quality manuscripts.

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Leadership styles in special education

Panagiotis-Christos Trichas, International Hellenic University, Greece, Spyros Avdimiotis, International Hellenic University, Greece
Published online: 30 May 2020, JCETR, 4(1), pp. 3-7.

URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-192882, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3769219

Abstract

Purpose: This study focuses on the exploration of leadership styles adopted by principals of special schools. The study also examines the degree of teachers’ job satisfaction. In addition, the study aims to explore the possible relationship between the leadership style adopted by school principals and the level of teachers’ job satisfaction.

Methods: Towards this scientific purpose a qualitative research was administered, among 69 teachers who work in 5 special schools in Northern Greece. For the purpose of this study, questionnaires consisting of closed-ended questions were used.

Results: The results of this study demonstrate that teachers who work in special schools favor to work with a principal who adopts the transformational leadership style, who maximizes the teachers’ sense of autonomy and constitutes a source of inspiration. In addition, this study demonstrate that when the school principal adopts the transformational leadership model as well as the democratic leadership style, then teachers’ job satisfaction is enhanced.

Implications: Findings indicated that transformational leadership is the basis upon significant educational and organization issues should be addressed. Future research could also include school principals’ responses so that it is possible to compare the responses of these two different groups -both principals and teachers- and study possible differences.

Keywords: Leadership styles, job satisfaction, selection criteria, special education

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The benefits from cultural activities at a school environment

Dimitra Longinou, Hellenic Open University, Greece
Published online: 30 May 2020, JCETR, 4(1), pp. 8-13.

URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-192895, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3769252

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to analyze the concept of cultural activity in the elementary school and to examine the importance of applying innovative models – such as CPFM. Another  purpose is to reveal the educational benefits from organizing a theatrical performance.

Methods: The empirical part of the study attempts to link the theoretical views, presented in the literature review part, to the school’s reality through the organization of a theatrical play. The survey stages are presented in a sequence through the analysis of the play’s design and are linked to the elementary schools curriculum at the interdisciplinary level.

Results: The educational benefits resulting from this process are identified, and the importance and role of innovative models  in the school’s environment are highlighted. Using ICT innovations in the planning of the theatrical event brought students in touch with new technologies and greatly enhanced their digital skills. Moreover, their psychology and self-confidence were enhanced.

Implications: Students realized the value of strategy in organizing a cultural event. The steps that the children followed both during the planning and during the implementation process of the event, helped them to determine the sequence of actions they had to take to accomplish their tasks.

Keywords: Cultural activity, CPFM, organizing, education management

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Assessing students’ and parents’ satisfaction and expectations from secondary education services in Greece

Apostolou George, International Hellenic University, Greece, Papatsimpas Achilleas, International Hellenic University, Greece, Gounas Athanasios, International Hellenic University, Greece, Gouna Ourania, International Hellenic University, Greece
Published online: 30 May 2020, JCETR, 4(1), pp. 14-20.

URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-192933, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3769264

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this research was to investigate the degree of satisfaction of the educational system users, the services offered by the educational institutions and which criteria they use to attend one of them.

Methods: The investigation was carried out between 10 March 2019 and 11 June 2019, a representative sample of 357 individuals from the Greek population was selected. We investigated the degree of satisfaction of the education system users: students and parents, the services offered by the educational institutions: curricula, coaching- career guidance, teaching methods, recommendations, and which criteria they use to attend to one of them. Descriptive data analysis, Spearman’s correlation coefficient, nonparametric tests, were used to determine statistically significant differences and correlations between the variables.

Results: The results of the survey revealed that the most important criteria were, the educational material provided to students, the curricula, career guidance and counseling services, innovations in teaching methods and the less important were, wages of educational staff and advertising campaign.

Implications: These elements can be used in implementation of a strategic marketing plan. A more detailed analysis in relation to gender, occupation and educational level as well as a comparison with previous and future research is suggested

Keywords: Secondary education in Greece, recession, selection criteria for educational services, educational organizations, needs of students

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The effect of administrative actions on satisfaction of primary and secondary public school principals

Oikonomidou MariaUniversity St. Kiment Ohridski, Bulgaria, Konstantinidis Ilias, University St. Kiment Ohridski, Bulgaria
Published online: 30 May 2020, JCETR, 4(1), pp. 21-27.

URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-192955, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3769323

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to record the perceptions of school principals, in order to improve the quality of the provided services. The administrative factors under investigation are the mode of administration, the efficiency of procedures, ICT skill enhancement and employees’ performance, technological modernization efforts, and customer participation in decision-making. The study examines how these variables, affect the level of satisfaction of school principals.

Methods: Regression analysis and the maximum frequency of answers within the rating range of the six-level Likert scale are used. Pprimary data was obtained by using an electronic questionnaire which allows for the use of econometric techniques. The school principals of the Primary and Secondary Directorates of Education in Eastern Thessaloniki comprise the survey population.

Results: Results of the analysis show that administrative factors have a major impact and summatively affect customer satisfaction. Current demands render the function of education more complex since it is asked to move beyond the simple experiential approach of administrative action that was based on the experience of older members of staff and to combine it with enhanced  knowledge and skills.

Implications: A management system that valorizes technology and human resources, develops mechanisms for open communication and dialogue and examines the views of the users of services in an organized manner is considered to be essential.

Keywords: Quality of Public Administration, administrative procedures, modernisation, ICT, customer participation, customer satisfaction

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Open learning model architecture in higher education

Ilona Lukoševičiutė-NoreikienėLithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania
Published online: 30 May 2020, JCETR, 4(1), pp. 28-33.

URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-193118, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3769692

Abstract

Purpose: A new type of question is becoming relevant for higher education institutions: how to organize the teaching process in an innovative way so that it guarantees high-quality teaching / learning results? Open learning is integral to ensuring the path to the implementation of innovative and high-quality study programs. In order to implement this idea, the problem of education arises and the questions that this article will try to answer: what are the parameters of the open learning process and what are the techniques for their recognition?

Methods: For problem investigation, scientific literature analysis and critical systemic analysis methods are be applied.

Results: Theoretical research allows to define the concept of open teaching / learning and identify its main characteristic, dimensions of recognition and their research criteria. The results of the theoretical research allow to assume that open teaching/learning environment plays an important role in open learning/teaching.

Implications: The matrix of the open learning process created in the article allows for the qualitative and innovative design of open learning studies in higher education. Using this matrix, it is planned to apply in practice the organization of studies at the university, focusing on the evaluation of the quality of implementation and teaching / learning outcomes.

Keywords: Open teaching/learning, cooperative learning, learner self-directedness/autonomy

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Social interactivity dimensions in activities of students in higher education

Genutė Gedvilienė, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
Published online: 30 May 2020, JCETR, 4(1), pp. 34-38.

URN: urn:nbn:de:0111-pedocs-193128, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3769753

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to reveal the social interactivity dimensions in activities of students in Lithuania and in Spain. Comparisons are performed between the two countries, on issues of cooperation and communication (social activities, social skills and benefit of social interaction) in the learning and teaching processes in higher education.

Methods: Literature and document analysis helped to highlight the communication and cooperation as fundamental phenomena of the social competence, its importance for the digitalization and globalization. Empirical study is based on questionnaire survey method. Sample of the research consists of 226 participants: from Lithuania – 123 (53, 5%) and 103 (45, 6%) are from Spain. Statistical analysis was performed with IBM SPSS Statistics, version 25. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed with Mplus program version 8.2.

Results: The results revealed that, social competence is important for the students not only for the communication and transfer of information, but also as the outcome of collective learning leading to the development of new capabilities applied by the learners in the learning process.

Implications: The development of social competence is usually reinforced by personal needs as a desire to participate in formal and informal organizations, a desire for improvement and self-realization.

Keywords: Dimensions, Social competence,  Social activities, Social skills, Social interaction

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